Neurotoxins include Botox, Dysport and Xeomin. Neurotoxins act to block the nerves from activating the facial muscles. When injected into the face, the targeted muscles are unable to contract normally. When the targeted facial muscles stop contracting, they stop pulling on the overlying skin and therefore creases, wrinkles and fine lines smooth out. Neurotoxin injections are particularly effective for eliminating lines and creases on the forehead and brow area made from facial contractions. Lines visible at rest when the face is completely relaxed soften dramatically with repeat treatment. The effect of neurotoxin injections only lasts for around 3 months, after which the injections have to be repeated.
The aging process causes the tissues under the skin to thin out, which makes wrinkles more apparent and causes the skin to sag or look dull. Dermal fillers are intended to reverse this process by restoring volume and fullness to the face. There are many different types of dermal fillers. Some can only last a few months to a year. Different fillers are selected for different areas on the face and for different individuals, based on volume loss and proportion. Newer treatment options often target the cheeks and mid face to maximize cosmetic effects.
Although dermal fillers are primarily intended to “plump up” the face or lips, they tend to also minimize the appearance of wrinkles, creases and fine lines by restoring volume underneath the skin and smoothing it out. There is little to no recovery time. Some patients may feel mild discomfort following the procedure but will be able to resume normal daily activities upon leaving the providers office.